School-Based Applied Behavior Analysis Programs for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Based on information from the National Professional Development Center (NPDC) on Autism Spectrum Disorders, this six part series on ABA programs for the classroom is designed to give participants practical information and strategies for use in the classroom.
Course 1: Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorders, Evidence-Based Practices, and the Basics of Applied Behavior Analysis (45 minutes)
This series is divided up into 6 separate courses ranging between 90 min and 120 minutes each. The series is designed to be watched in sequence, but individual courses can be watched individually and still be beneficial. The National Professional Development Center (NPDC) on Autism Spectrum Disorders was the primary source for the information presented in the DVDs.
Course 2: Reinforcement and Extinction (1.5 hours)
1) Define and describe reinforcement, 2) List steps to implementing reinforcement, 3) Define and describe extinction, and 4) Identify how to use extinction with reinforcement
Course 3: Challenging Behavior Assessment and Treatment (1 hour)
1) Define challenging behavior, 2) Describe the nature of the challenging behaviors often associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), 3) List common approaches to the treatment of challenging behavior with an emphasis on ABA, 4) List how teachers are involved in functional behavioral assessment (FBA), and 5) Identify common function-based interventions for challenging behavior.
Course 4: Communication and Social Skills Training (1 hour)
1) Describe functional communication training (FCT), 2) Identify the steps for implementing FCT, 3) List ways to collect data, 4) Define picture exchange communication system (PECS), 5) Identify sources supporting evidence base for PECS, 6) Prepare PECS materials, 7) List steps for implementing PECS, and 8) Identify steps involved in creating social skills programming.
Course 5: Instructional Strategies (4 hours)
1) Identify considerations of choosing instructional strategies, 2) Define discrete trail training (DTT) and relate components to ABA, 3) List and describe the five steps of DTT, 4) Specify prompting and prompt fading techniques, 5) List ways to motivate learners to engage in DTT, 6) Identify advantages and disadvantages pertaining to DTT, 7) Define naturalistic teaching and relate components to ABA, 8) List and describe the components of naturalist teaching, 9) List various strategies for motivating students to communicate, and 10) Identify advantages and disadvantages pertaining to naturalistic teaching.
Course 6: Classroom and Environmental Arrangement (1.5 hours)
1) Provide rationale for providing structure in the classroom, 2) Identify how to structure the classroom through procedures and routines, 3) Identify how to structure the classroom through visual schedules, and 4) Identify how to structure the classroom through visual supports.